Boutique d’bonheur, fotografia Brigitte Tohm z Pexels.


Ćwiczenia gramatyczne mogą „kupić” nam trochę szczęścia na testach i egzaminach. Tu mamy trochę więcej gramatycznego “butiku szczęścia”.
Emoticon, a smile

Exercise 34. Wszystkie czasowniki w nawiasach będą mieć zamkniętą ramę czasową, oraz pozostaną {NA} PRZESZŁYM gruncie kognitywnym.

1. The kitten (spill) all the milk by the mill down the hill.
2. The hedgehog (hide) the apples from the bird in a good jar with a lid.
3. The rabbit (strew) the cashews for the jabiru and (go on) making his debut callaloo.
4. The gades (lay) a fair-trade plan for a decade.
5. The corn-fed chick (flee) the shed for some strick.
6. The adept turtle (keep) his hep by the skep except when the bees (sweep).
7. The little bat always (cut) the coconut a bit imprecise, cooking the rice to suffice all sojourning mice.
8. The mountain cat usually (sit) on his mat to chat with the standpat spat on habits and repast.
9. The southern wind (heave) the sea and (sheave) the tides to incline a span unsized in eyes.
10. The butterfly (weave) in a cove; the dove taut (think) about a courtly lot.

Exercise 35. Spróbujmy naszych ram czasowych i logicznych wskazówek ze słówkami mapującymi. Nasze rozmyślania są dłuższe, bardziej proporcjonalne do języka codziennego.

Możemy być bardzo poważni co do gramatyki i zachowywać poczucie humoru: kiedy się człowiek uczy, bywa, że się staje bardzo formalny, a to obciąża i styl językowy i uczenia się. Dobry amerykański nie musi być śmiertlenie poważny (!)
Emoticon, a smile

Możemy też odwiedzić oficjalną stronę internetową:

Przykład: Right after he (1) had fought his dependence on the game of Monopoly, he (2) fell for spinnakers completely. An Alaskan, he (3) went to cruise the Antarctic with a chute.


1. He (4) sold his vintage Chevy and nearly (5) bought a Jeep, when he (6) thought that his vehicle (7) approximated an expression of his ego. A Jeep almost (8) portended a personality change.

2. A newspaper article on alpha and beta males seriously (9) disappointed him. He (10) was neither, and Greeks (11) had so many more letters.

3. He (12) has looked for a role model, but nobody (13) has met his expectations on both personality and body build, and he (14) gave up on considering body and mind for separate already at the Monopoly stage in life.

4. He (15) has pursued some philosophy. He (16) thinks stoicism (17) will not do for a resolve between existence and matter.

5. His friend (18) says he (19) needs some sense of humor, if he (20) wants to put up with a woman in his life. The woman always (21) is another Self.

Czy mógłby to być Jim?
Joke emoticon

Exercise 36. Pozostajemy z wzorcem Simple {NA} PRZESZŁYM zakresie czasowym. Kontynuujemy z formą przeczącą.


Przykład: Consciously pragmatic, Jill (decide) that tidying on her own (be) N too traditionalist. At least she (remember) where her things usually (be) before she (put) them somewhere completely else.

Odpowiedź: decided, was not (N, the Negative), remembered, were, put

1. She never (get) totally honest with anyone, on favorite comedy episodes.

2. An article on family roles in kite flying (incline) her towards psychoanalysis for a while. She yet soon (conclude) that she (need) N another grammatical person to be herself. Being herself anyway (happen) to her all the time, and she simply (like) to hold the strings. The West Coast had the weather.

3. Disputes on Sandburg and Creeley (bring) her to the belief it (be) never possible to think about one poet strictly, although it (make) no sense sometimes to try talking about two at the same time.

4. After some study of a number of concepts on the cosmos, she (picture) the humanity as an odd kind of fish in a series of still larger fish tanks. Early in the series, there (be) N any point to try bringing another fish tank to imagination. It anyway (require) adding more fish tanks.

5. She (tolerate) pop music well and (watch) American football with friends, but she always (choose) her fountain pens on her own and (keep) them just for herself.

Czy mogłaby to być Jill?

Emoticon, a smile

Zapraszam do dalszych ćwiczeń na otwartą lub zamkniętą ramę czasową oraz TERAŹNIEJSZOŚĆ, PRZESZŁOŚĆ i PRZYSZŁOŚĆ.